Hypothermia is a medical emergency that happens when your body loses heat faster than it can produce it. This causes a dangerously low body temperature, which can cause severe damage. The average body temperature is around 37 C (98.6 F). Hypothermia is when your body temperature falls below 35 C (95 F).
When your body temperature is too low, our heart, nervous system and other vital organs can’t function properly. If Hypothermia is Left untreated, it can lead to failure of your heart and respiratory system and, eventually, death.
How Do You Get Hypothermia?
You can get Hypothermia from being exposed to cold weather or submerged in cold water for extended periods.
What To Do If You Have Hypothermia?
The first course of action is to warm the body back up to normal body temperature.
Cover any exposed areas of skin, go inside or to the warmest location available to you.
What are the Symptoms of Hypothermia?
Lack of Coordination
Inability to move fingers/extremities
Cold & Red Skin
Typically symptoms come on gradually, and often the person is not aware that they are experiencing these conditions. Confusion and numbness can distort a person’s perceptions of what is happening o their body. If you suspect someone might have Hypothermia, ask them if they are okay and help get them to a place to warm up. If the person is unconscious, call 9-1-1 immediately.
While you are waiting for emergency services, if possible, gently move the person inside and remove any wet/frozen clothing and replacing it with a warmer coat or blanket.