What Is CPR?

CPR is Cardiopulmonary resuscitation, CPR is a life-saving emergency procedure that uses chest compressions and rescue breathing in cases where a patient’s heart stopped beating or they aren’t breathing, including Cardiac Arrest. 

The use of CPR keeps oxygenated blood pumping to the brain and other organs until emergency officials arrive. 

The use of CPR and double a person’s chance at survival, performing CPR and using an AED if its available can be the difference between surviving or not in many cases. An AED increases the patient’s chance of survival by up to 60% or more. Each minute that passes during a cardiac arrest without the use of an AED, the rate of survival goes down by 10 %.

How to Perform CPR

How Do You Perform CPR?


  1. Assess that the scene is safe enough for you to perform CPR on the individual.

 Tap them on the shoulder and ask “Are You Ok?”

  1. Call 911, or assign someone to, and get someone to get an AED if one is nearby. 

 If you are alone, call 911, and retrieve the AED if available.

  1. Open Airway. It is ideal for the patient to be lying on their back. Tilt their head slightly to lift the chin.
  2. Check For Breathing. Listen (for no longer than 10 seconds) for breathing. If the person is not breathing, begin CPR.

If you are not trained in CPR it is advised to only perform chest compressions, and not to give rescue breaths. If you are CPR certified and confident then proceed with rescue breaths. See instructions for rescue breaths below. 

If you are using an AED, follow the instructions included and use the AED first. 

Using an AED

  1. Turn On AED.
  2. Place.
  3. Remove clothing from the chest, and place the pads according to the AEDs instructions on the patient’s chest.
  4. Analyze.
  5. Push the analyze button and allow for the AED to read the patient’s heartbeat. If no heartbeat is detected, the AED will inform you to administer a shock. 
  6. Administer Shock (If Advised)
  7. If the AED prompts you to, you will need to administer a shock. Ensure no one, including yourself, is touching the patient. Push the shock button. Note, if the AED does not require a shock, remove the pads and begin CPR. The unit will not deliver a shock.
  8. Begin CPR.

Steps Of CPR

  1. Position. Interlock fingers, Center Of Patients Chest.
  2. Interlock your fingers and place the heel of your hand on the center of their chest, interlock your fingers by placing the heel of your other hand, on top of the other hand. Keep your arms straight, keep your fingers raised so they do not touch the patient. 
  3. Give Compressions.

 Compressions should be done with force and speed. Compressions should be 2” deep and done at a pace of 100 compressions a minute. If you are giving rescue breaths, do 30 compressions, and then deliver 2 rescue breaths.

Giving Rescue Breaths

  1. Open Airways
  2. Make sure the head is tilted and chin lifted slightly. 
  3. Pinch the nostrils closed with one hand, and support the chin with the other.
  4. Take a normal breath and place your mouth over theirs, making sure it is sealed so no air gets out. 
  5. Blow into the person’s mouth to make the chest rise, watch it fall. Deliver 2 rescue breaths and then continue with compressions. 
Continue CPR until emergency officials arrive, or if the patient starts breathing.